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Seol: New Year¡¯s Day
The first day of the first month, New Year's Day, or Seol, is one of the biggest holidays of the year. On this day, people traditionally dress their best, take off from work and gather with family to observe the ancestral ceremonies. A feast is spread and the younger members of the family make the New Year's bow to their elders. These youths then go around the neighborhood to offer New Year's greetings to their older relatives and acquaintances.


 
Sebae, bowing to parents and elders,
is an age-old New Year's custom.
  Many Korean families visit the ancestors'
tombs to pay their homage in Chuseok.

Chuseok
Another important date by the lunar calendar is Chuseok, or the Harvest Moon Festival, which falls on the 15th day of the eighth month, usually in September or October by the solar calendar. As this date marks the harvest time, it is celebrated as enthusiastically as New Year's Day.
 
Celebration of the First Full Moon of the Year
There are a few other important days in the lunar year. The 15th of January is regarded as important since it is the first full moon of the year. People crack various kinds of nuts and set off firecrackers to exorcise harmful spirits, insects and animals. In the evening, a variety of traditional games are played under the moonlight. Tug of war, stone fights and mock fights with torches are a few examples of the games held between neighboring villages. These are staged by youths and middle-aged men before hundreds of spectators who come from far and near. These games are played to win, and tradition has it that the winning village will be blessed with bumper crops.
 
Gimjang Season
The month of October is the time for gimjang. During this month kimchi or pickled vegetables must be prepared for the upcoming three months of winter. Every household was therefore busy preparing this important work. A popular greeting during these time of year was "Have you finished gimjang?"
 
Seotdal
Seotdal, which is December, is a time when people traditionally got their affairs in proper order, including the settling of debts, to prepare for the new year. Traditionally, an honorable man is not supposed to carry his debts over to the next year. Ancient records tell us that in the old days, the court held exorcising ceremonies, called narye, to expel evil spirits. In rural areas, a musical performance of nong-ak or farmers' music is also used to expel evil spirits and usher in good fortune.
 
Buddha¡¯s Birthday
Another important event is Buddha's Birthday, which falls on the eighth day of the fourth month of the lunar calendar, or April or May in the solar calendar. Buddha's Birthday designated as a national holiday in 1975. During this time of the year streets are beautifully decorated with lanterns.
 
National and Public Holidays
  New Year's holiday January 1
  Seol holidays Last day of 12th Moon through the second day of the First Moon
  Independence Movement Day March 1
  Buddha's Birthday Eighth day of the Fourth Moon
  Children's Day May 5
  Memorial Day June 6
  Constitution Day July 17
  Liberation Day August 15
  Chuseok holidays 14th to 16th days of the Eighth Moon
  National Foundation Day October 3
  Christmas December 25
 
Source: www.Korea.net
 
 
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